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Breiðdalseldstöð

Breiðdalur central volcano is an ancient volcanic area above Breiðdalur valley and Berufjörður, It was the object of extensive research carried out by the English geologist George D.L. Walker who made East-Iceland teritary volocanologic phenomenons the main object of his professional work. The Breiðdalur area of volcanism is set with rhyolithic-inserts producing the mainstay of majestic mountain range separating Breiðdalur and Berufjörður, e.g. Mt. Flögutindur , Mt.Smátindar, Mt. Röndólfur, Mt. Slöttur and Mt. Stöng. The southern side of the volcanic formation is highly colourful and the intrusions assume an irregular aspect, set with tephra-layers.

The site of the central volcano extends between Mt. Fossárfjall south of Berufjörður to Mt. Bæjartindur which towers above farm Þorgrímsstaðir in Breiðdalur. The western slope runs along Mt. Ófærunafir towards the west, whereas the eastern side - although highly eroded - extends east of Mt. Kerlingartindur, S- Breiðdalur. The southern region of Breiðdalur - the very centre of area - forms a basin where the excruciating heat has transformed the rock to such an extent that the basalt and the andestite have turned pale-green, making it problematic to tell them apart from the rhyolite. This can be clearly detected at river Innri-Ljósá Blágil ravine.

The beforementioned chain of mountains was formed at a later date as the rhyolite wielded its way to the surface through the basalt layers, forming insertions on top of the massive tephra layers along the edges of the crater. Their remnants are visible in rhyolithic-rocks throughout the Breiðdalur region. This central volcano is considered to be of later date than its Álfta- and Reyðarfjörður counterparts. The Reyðarfjörður ignimbrite, a pyroclastic flow made as a burning hot mixture of particles and gases flew from the volcano, originated from Mt.Röndólfur, covering about 430 km² with a diameter of about 6 m. þykkt. This layer is linked the Mt. Skessa south of Reyðarfjörður, best known as the Skessulag. The immense volcanism of the area has resulted in a great variety of rare minerals and semi-precious stones on display at Petra's wonderful stone collection in Stöðvarfjörður and The Breiðdalur mineral museum in Breiðdalsvík.

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Breiðdalseldstöð
GPS Points N64° 56' 26.244" W14° 18' 31.423"
Postal code

760

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Innri-Kleif
Cottages
  • Breiðdalur
  • 760 Breiðdalsvík
  • 475-6789
Guesthouse Tunguholt
Guesthouses
  • Tungu
  • 750 Fáskrúðsfjörður
  • 475-1374, 897-1376
Eskifjörður HI Hostel
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  • Strandgata 86b
  • 735 Eskifjörður
  • 476-1150
Heiðmörk
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  • Heiðmörk 17-19
  • 755 Stöðvarfjörður
SAXA Guesthouse and Café
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  • Fjarðarbraut 41
  • 755 Stöðvarfjörður
  • 511-3055
Heiðarvegur 2
Bed & Breakfast
  • Heiðarvegur 2
  • 730 Reyðarfjörður
Gljúfraborg
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  • Gljúfraborg
  • 760 Breiðdalsvík
Fossárdalur
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  • Berufjörður
  • 765 Djúpivogur
  • 820-4379
Skarð
Hostels
  • 475-6798, 848-6798
Háaleiti Cottages
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  • Skarð
  • 760 Breiðdalsvík
  • 475-6798, 854-6798

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Eskifjörður Swimming pool
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  • Dalbraut 3a
  • 735 Eskifjörður
  • 476-1218
Katrine Bruhn Jensen
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  • Gilsá
  • 760 Breiðdalsvík
  • 862-5756
Guesthouse Tunguholt
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  • Tungu
  • 750 Fáskrúðsfjörður
  • 475-1374, 897-1376
Tinna-Adventure.is
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  • Sólvellir 14
  • 760 Breiðdalsvík
  • 475-1100
The Aurora Photo Guide
Day Tours
  • Skólabraut 18
  • 755 Stöðvarfjörður
  • 845-5885
Breiðdalshreppur Sport Center
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  • Selnesi 25
  • 760 Breiðdalsvík
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Hiking Club Ferðafélag Fjarðamanna
Hiking Tours - Hiking
  • Melagata 8
  • 740 Neskaupstaður
  • 470-1018, 863-3623
Austursigling
Day Tours
  • Fjörður 4
  • 710 Seyðisfjörður
  • 899-2409
Byggðarholt Golf Club
Golf Courses
  • Strandgata 71a
  • 735 Eskifjörður
  • 892-4622
Fell Horse Rental
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  • Fell
  • 760 Breiðdalsvík
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Austurland

Towns & Villages

Each town in Austurland has its own characteristics. In some of the coastal villages t, the influence of North European neighbors obvious to everyone. 

The French made a strong impact in Fáskrúðsfjörður where the road signs are made out in French as well as in Icelandic. Norwegian influence is easily detected in the Eskifjörður and Seydisfjörður architecture. No such roots are to be seen in Egilsstadir which is the latest addition to East Iceland agglomeration, founded in the late forties of the 20th century.  

Map Vopnafjörður Borgarfjörður Eystri Egilsstaðir Seyðisfjörður Mjóifjörður Neskaupstaður Breiðdalsvík Eskifjörður Reyðarfjörður Fáskrúðsfjörður Stöðvarfjörður Djúpivogur